Osteoarthritis is one of the very commonly occurring causes of joint disabilities particularly in middle and old age. It is basically a form of arthritis which results in the breakdown and ultimately in the loss of the cartilage of one or more joints. This disease is more common with age and it commonly frequented as the individuals age. Before the age of 45, osteoarthritis more commonly occurs in the males and after the age of 55, the disease occurs more commonly in the females. Osteoarthritis usually affects the joints of the hands, feet, spine as well as the large weight bearing joints, like the hips and knees. One of the major problems of disease is that it has no known cause which makes it quite difficult to devise a treatment plan. This type of osteoarthritis is referred to as primary osteoarthritis. In another type of osteoarthritis where the cause is known, then it is referred to as secondary osteoarthritis.
Causes of Osteoarthritis
Let us learn about the causes of osteoarthritis that are as listed below.
- In case of primary osteoarthritis which is not caused as a result of any injury or a disease is usually caused by the natural aging of the joint. As the human body ages, the content of water in the cartilage is increased and the protein content of the cartilage is reduced which gives rise to osteoarthritis.
- In case of advanced arthritis, a complete loss of the cartilage cushion between the bones and the joint occurs. This is usually caused as a result of repetitive use of the worn joints with time. This is turn can cause irritation as well as inflammation of the cartilage thereby resulting in swelling associated with joint pain.
- Another cause of osteoarthritis is the inflammation of the cartilage which actually stimulates new bony outgrowths that are also referred to as spurs occurring around the joints.
- In case of secondary osteoarthritis, it is the result of another disease or condition. There are a number of conditions that cause secondary arthritis such as repeated trauma or surgery of joints, obesity, diabetes, gout, abnormal joints at the time of birth or other hormonal disorders. These types of conditions cause mechanical stress on the joints thereby causing osteoarthritis.
- Repeated trauma to the joints and their tissues can cause osteoarthritis.
- Hormonal disturbances can also cause wearing of the cartilages which results in osteoarthritis.
- Deposition of crystals of uric acid when the levels of uric acid are high in blood can result in the degeneration of cartilages causing osteoarthritis.
Signs and Symptoms to Look Out for
The signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis greatly varies from patients to patients. Few of the important signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis to look out for are as listed below.
- Pain in the affected joints after repetitive use which usually worsens in the later part of the day
- Swelling, warmth and creaking of the joints that are affected
- Joints causing pain even when at rest with the restriction of motion is a sign of severe osteoarthritis
- Liming with pain in the joints where motion is almost completely restricted is a sign of final stage osteoarthritis
- Osteoarthritis of the lumbar spine or cervical spine causing pain in the lower back or in the neck region. Formation of bony spurs along the arthritic spine causing irritation to the spinal nerves along with pain radiating from the spine associated with a feeling of tingling as well as numbness in the parts that are affected
How is Osteoarthritis Diagnosed?
There are actually no blood tests for diagnosing osteoarthritis. A few blood tests are conducted in case of secondary osteoarthritis. The most common tests conducted for the diagnosis of osteoarthritis is x-rays. The findings of the x rays allow the doctors to understand the actual condition of the joints as well as the cartilages. The x rays also detect the presence of bony spurs which helps in the diagnosing as well as the confirmation of osteoarthritis in the affected individuals. In some of the cases, the doctors also use surgical intervention for the appropriate diagnosis of osteoarthritis. Arthroscopy is a surgical method in which a viewing tube is inserted into the joint space for the accurate detection of abnormalities along with the damage caused to the cartilage as well as the ligaments.
Homeopathic Treatment at CHHC
Homeopathy treatment for osteoarthritis is effectively carried out at CHHC. The adequately trained as well as the vastly experienced doctors at the clinic makes sure that the symptoms are in control with a relief from the pain. The use of the appropriate homeopathic medicines has the ability to slow down the process of degeneration thereby offering a considerable amount of relief from pain in the affected individuals. The doctors prescribe the right homeopathic medicines along with some of the basic exercises as well as physiotherapy for the purpose of providing relief to the patients. Some of most commonly used homeopathic medicines for the treatment of osteoarthritis are as mentioned below.
- Acid Benzoic
- Argentum Nitricum
The doctors use these homeopathic medicines as per conditions of the affected individuals and necessarily provides them with the most appropriate medicine for the best possible treatment.